The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) drags Nigeria Chief of Army Staff, Tukur Buratai, Inspector General of Police (IGP), Ibrahim Idris, and other Nigerian officials to a United States of America District Court over alleged killings of its members and their missing leader.
IPOB alleged that the killings happened during the peaceful protests over the arrest and detention of its leader,Prince Nnamdi Kanu.
Apart from Buratai and Idris, others include: Lawal Musa Daura; Ibrahim Attahiru; M.I. Ibrahim; Kasim Umar Sidi; Issah Maigari Abdullahi; former IGP Solomon Arase; Abia and Anambra state governors, Okezie Ikpeazu and Willie Obiano; Habila Hosea; Peter Nwagbara; James Oshim Nwafor; Hosea Karma; Bassey Abang and Johnson Babatunde Kokumo.
The lawsuit was filed based on two US statutes; the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA or ATS – the Alien Tort Statute) and the Torture Victims Protection Act (TVPA).
The two laws have extra-territorial reach that allows US federal courts to exercise long-arm authority which extends beyond the borders of US.
The ATCA is a statue that provide the district courts original authority on any civil action by a foreigner for a civil wrong committed in breaking of the law of nations or a treaty of the United States.’
Since 1980, courts allow foreign citizens to seek remedies in US courts, for human rights violations and for misconducts committed outside the United States..
The TVPA of 1991 is a statute which grants civil suits in the US against foreign individuals who, acting in an official capacity for any foreign nation, committed torture or killings.
Further more, Buratai and others, will be required to personally appear before the US court to testify under oath and cross-examinations.